Traditionally, apprenticeship and top management schools are two separate worlds in France. Apprenticeship lacks prestige whereas top management schools constitute a highly elitist system. The new pedagocial system created by ESSEC provides benefits for both partners. This kind of contractual partnership ensures a successful transition from studies to work.
ALIS, D., BERNARD, A. and HOURQUET, P.G. (1994). Management Education Through an Apprenticeship Scheme : ESSEC's Latest Pedagogical Innovation.