While a holding organizational design leaves managerial autonomy to business units, a corporate organizational structure seeks a higher level of operating integration. Implementing a corporate organization raises a host of issues and challenges that managers have to address: co-existence with historical and recently added businesses, internal rivalry, "gallic village", and free riders. Building an integrated corporate structure requires patient cultivation of a feeling of belongingness that can transcend local interests and foster collective coordination. Link to the article
BOUCHIKHI, H. (2011). Construire et faire vivre une organisation de groupe. Expansion Management Review, (142), pp. 110-118.