In this paper, we suggest a two-player differential game model of transboundary pollution that accounts for time-dependent environmental absorption efficiency, which allows the biosphere to switch from a carbon sink to a source. We investigate the impact of negative externalities resulting from a transboundary pollution noncooperative game wherein countries are dynamically involved.
EL OUARDIGHI, F., KOGAN, K., GNECCO, G. et SANGUINETI, M. (2020). Transboundary pollution control and environmental absorption efficiency management. Annals of Operations Research, 287, pp. 653-681.