PUYOU DE POUVOURVILLE Gérard, Loubet Paul, Fernandes Jérôme, Sosnowiez Katia, Elong Anne, Guilmet Caroline, Omichessan Hanane, Bureau Isabelle, Fagnani Francis, Emery Corinne, Chakra Claire Nour Abou
Respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) causes lower respiratory tract infections (LRTI) that may lead to hospitalization or death. The present study aimed to assess the burden of RSV infections in hospitalized adults. RSV-related hospitalizations were identified from the nationwide hospital claims database in France (PMSI) from 2012 to 2021 using ICD-10 codes J12.1, J20.5, J21.0 or B97.4, and outcomes assessment focused on 2016–2020. In-hospital outcomes included length of stay, need for intensive care (ICU) and in-hospital all-cause mortality. Post-discharge outcomes included 30-day readmission for decompensation, 90-day RSV-related readmission, and 30 and 60-day in-hospital mortality. A cumulated number of 17 483 RSV-related stays were identified representing a rate of 72.0 cases per million stays. The outcomes assessment included 12,987 patients: 55.8 % were females and the mean age was 74.1 ± 16.4 years, with 57 % ≥ 75 years. Most of patients (78.6 %) had at least one comorbidity, mainly chronic respiratory (56.3 %) and cardiovascular diseases (41.3 %), or diabetes (23.5 %). A co-infection was found in 22.4 %, primarily bacterial (12 %). The mean length of stay was 12.3 ± 13.1 days. Overall, 10.9 % were admitted to an ICU and in-hospital mortality was 7.3 %. In-hospital outcomes were higher in cases of co-infection. Among 12 033 patients alive at discharge from the index stay, 6.5 % were readmitted with RSV within 90 days, 8.1 % for decompensation within 30 days, and 5.6 % died within 60-day. This study demonstrated the high burden of RSV infections in older adults and those with chronic conditions, and the need for preventive strategies.
LOUBET, P., FERNANDES, J., PUYOU DE POUVOURVILLE, G., SOSNOWIEZ, K., ELONG, A., GUILMET, C. … CHAKRA, C.N.A. (2024). Respiratory syncytial virus-related hospital stays in adults in France from 2012 to 2021: A national hospital database study. Journal of Clinical Virology, 171, pp. 105635.