Management theories, from their historical origin, have been locked in a « representational » vision. It is particularly visible in the Taylorian dichotomy between design and execution and in Herbert Simon’s approach to decision theory. Rather than objectifying knowledge, it seems more interesting to problematize it and integrate action and sense issues to bring back and highlight actors’ interpretation of activity and sense making. This approach, inspired by pragmatist philosophy, stresses the relationship between design and collective activity.
LORINO, P. (2014). La question de la performance dans les activités de conception. Dans: Gestion de projet et innovation. 1st ed. L’Harmattan, pp. 165-178.