The history of the French philanthropic sector can be traced back to the middle ages, when the Catholic Church created charitable organizations devoted to the care and relief of underprivileged citizens (orphans, poor and sick people). While these charitable organizations progressively secularized as the welfare church weakened, they organically developed until the end of the 18th century.
GAUTIER, A., PACHE, A.C. et MOSSEL, V. (2015). Giving in France: A philanthropic renewal after decades of distrust. Dans: P. Wiepking & F. Handy (ed.). The Palgrave Handbook of Global Philanthropy. 1st ed. London: Palgrave Macmillan, pp. 137-154.