In this paper, a non-cooperative dynamic game is formulated in which a single supplier collaborates with two competing manufacturers in improving the quality of their respective products. Assuming a finite planning horizon, the paper analyzes how each party should allocate resources for quality improvement under wholesale price contract or revenue-sharing contract. Link to the article
EL OUARDIGHI, F. and BOWON, K. (2010). Supply Quality Management With Wholesale Price and Revenue-sharing Contract Under Horizontal Competition. European Journal of Operational Research, 206(2), pp. 329-340.