The independent directors has become the cornerstone of corporate governance. But the concept of corporate governance is unclear in France and it is the same for the concept of independence. Moreover and independent director cannot legally exist in France and is some other European countries, unlike in United States. if there is a such nomination of independent director sin France claims for offences and damages are possible.
DELGA, J. (2008). Incohérence et illégalité en matière de corporate governance et d'administrateur indépendant. La Revue du Financier, (172), pp. 20-30.