Action Research (AR) within the Information Systems (IS) discipline has developed extensively since the 1970s. We reviewed the AR literature and found 16 different methods, which constitutes a problematic situation for researchers. We describe and critique those methods before integrating their strengths to improve the AR method that is most frequently practiced in IS: Canonical Action Research (CAR). The existing set of principles and criteria for CAR is modified and elaborated to enhance the foundation for undertaking AR consistently. We discuss the general implications of this improved form of the method, which we name Integrated Action Research (IAR). We specifically suggest how IAR can be used to investigate the application of disruptive technologies, including those that embody artificial intelligence and enable more flexible and socially-distanced work. Link to the article
DAVISON, R.M., MARTINSONS, M. and MALAURENT, J. (2021). Improving Action Research by Integrating Methods. Journal of the Association for Information Systems, 22(3).