We show that poor health, exposure to smoking, and limited access to health care during childhood are associated with greater consumption of medical treatment in middle and old age. The association is reflected mainly through deteriorated health in adulthood, and to a lesser extent through socioeconomic status of the individual. But in controlling for these mediating factors, the association between childhood health, and health care utilisation in adulthood remained significant. The raw association holds throughout Europe.
MOSCHETTI, K., LAMIRAUD, K., O'DONNELL, O. and HOLLY, A. (2011). Does Poor Childhood Health Explain Increased Health Care Utilisation and Payments in Middle and Old Age? In: The Individual and the Welfare State. 1st ed. Springer, pp. 255-267.