This paper reviews and attempts to integrate two perspectives on repatriate retention: a traditional one, which suggests that the main determinant of repatriate retention is the availability of repatriation support programs, and an emerging one, which focuses on individual career activism in a changing employment context. Results of a study of 133 expatriates from 14 MNCs indicate that both views contribute to our understanding of repatriate retention.
LAZAROVA, M. and CERDIN, J.L. (2005). Revisiting Repatriation Concerns: Organiaztional Support vs. Career and Contextual Influence. In: Local Roots, Global Links. Academy of International Business, pp. 92.