In this chapter, we extend previous theorizing on how proactivity is motivated and explore how identity motivates, shapes, and constrains proactivity, and how proactive behavior in turn influences who individuals believe they are, or may become. We specifically argue that proactive behavior is often identity-congruent, and serves the purpose of expressing one’s self. We further discuss the role of future work selves: hoped for, future-oriented identities in relation to work. Future work selves constitute a motivational resource for proactivity, and drive self-directed behaviors aimed at development and change.
STRAUSS, K. and KELLY, C. (2017). An Identity-Based Perspective on Proactivity: Future Work Selves and Beyond. In: Proactivity at Work. 1st ed. Routledge, pp. 330-354.