Partial least squares (PLS) refers to a set of iterative algorithms based on least squares that implement a broad spectrum of both explanatory and exploratory multivariate techniques, from regression to path modeling, and from principal component to multi-block data analysis. This article focuses on PLS regression and PLS path modeling, which are PLS approaches to regularized regression and to predictive path modeling. The computational flows and the optimization criteria of these methods are reviewed in detail, as well as the tools for the assessment and interpretation of PLS models. The most recent developments and some of the most promising on going researches are enhanced.
ESPOSITO VINZI, V. and RUSOLILLO, G. (2014). Partial Least Squares Algorithms and Methods. Wires Computational Statistics, 5, pp. 1-19.