Failures of European Union to prevent or solve external conflicts is well-known. With the recent disasters in Bosnia or in Kosovo, the need to a real defense is more and more evident. It is interesting by now to evocate history of political corporation in this matter then to characterize this cooperation which remains intergovernmental and finally to analyze recent progress.
DE BEAUFORT, V. and CARREY, E. (1999). L'Union Européenne et la politique étrangère et de sécurité commune. ESSEC Business School.