The paper introduces a theory of organizations built on the assumption that human behavior in organizational settings is relatively indetermined, multi-directional, and contradictory. Consistent with this assumption, the paper proposes a constructivist perspective on organizational persistence, equilibration, and structuration. The constructivist perspective represents an attempt at integrating existant, though often treated as incommensurable, theories of organizations within a complex framework.
BOUCHIKHI, H. (1998). Living with and Building on Complexity: A Constructivist Perspective on Organizations. Organization, pp. 217-232.