This article summarizes arguments against the creation of the EURO, presented during a conference. The focus here is on the political risk resulting from oppositions between States due to asymmetric shocks and a single currency.
AFTALION, F., BOUTIN, C., BOUVARD, M., COTTA, A., DE GAULLE, C. and GUAINO, H. (1998). Le risque politique. In: L'Euro de tous les risques. François-Xavier de Guibert, pp. 147-184.