In many European countries which have adopted a competition law, the enforcement of this law has been entrusted to a specifive administrative body rather than to the courts. The creation of such bodies is an empirical response to the challenge of bringing together the judicial and the economic approaches in the enforcement of competition law.
JENNY, F. (1999). Le autorit à indipenditi: gli esempli francese e tedesco. In: Autorità Indipendenti e Principi Costituzionali. CEDAM, pp. 49-56.