This paper analyses the historical move, and its underlying political meaning, which modified the role of secrecy towards third-parties in diplomatic negotiation. An evident norm from the Renaissance, secrecy could veil both the negotiation process and its outcome. It was then contested from the Enlightenment to Wilson¿s ambition of an open diplomacy. In contemporary times, an injunction of transparency gradually exposes negotiation arenas and processes. Following this perspective, the paper examines the justifications and risks of secrecy and transparency towards thirdparties. As neither can permanently exclude the other in the negotiator's strategy, it is shown that secrecy and transparency constitute a dilemma between efficiency of the process and legitimacy of the outcome.
COLSON, A. (2009). La négociation diplomatique au risque de la transparence : rôles et figures du secret envers des tiers. Negociations, 2009/1(11), pp. 31-41.