Personalised remmuneration systems are growing in Europe. This system can be dysfunctional if reward is perceived as unfair and inequitable. Equity theory, as developed by Adams, can be used to analize equity determinants and consequences. Procedural justice complements equity theory as follows: in personalised reward systems, it is not the result, that is to say the real amount of money received, which is responsible for satisfaction or dissatisfaction, but the procedure, that is to say the decision making process used to determine this amount of money. Our research deals with equity theory and procedural justice. It aims at testing the influence of national culture on the perception of the faieness of criteria. This research compares criteria perceived as fair in two countries: France and Italy. People interviewed are students in graduate schools. The effect of national culture seems to be small, for the results obtained in the two countries are very similar. The theoretical interest is to test procedural justice theory on an international level.
PERETTI, J.M., HOURQUET, P.G. and ALIS, D. (1997). Hétérogénéité de la perception des déterminants de l'équité dans un contexte international. ESSEC Business School.