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Journal articles (2021), Journal of Consumer Research, 47 (6), pp. 1003-1024

Do Versus Don’t: The Impact of Framing on Goal Level Setting

Tuk Mirjam A, PROKOPEC Sonja , Van den Bergh Bram

The consumer behavior literature extensively studied the impact of goal setting on behavior and performance. However, much less is known about the antecedents of goal level setting – consumers’ decision of whether to work out twice or three times per week. Consumers can decide how many goal-consistent activities to undertake (‘goal-consistent decision frame’; such as exercising two days per week) or to forego (‘goal-inconsistent decision frame’; such as not exercising five days per week). While objectively the same decision, we argue that these different frames impact consumers’ ambition. Making a decision to forego goal-consistent activities triggers negative, self-evaluative emotions and to compensate for these unfavorable self-evaluations, consumers set more ambitious goal levels. Link to the article

TUK, M.A., PROKOPEC, S. and VAN DEN BERGH, B. (2021). Do Versus Don’t: The Impact of Framing on Goal Level Setting. Journal of Consumer Research, 47(6), pp. 1003-1024.

Keywords : #goal-setting, #goal-level, #ambition, #framing, #self, #discrepancy, #motivation