As areas of service sector office space in the 1970s to 90s, the Paris Region New Towns today form office markets that are on the edge of the major metropolitan traffic flows. There are major differences between the situations of the five poles that exist in the region. In an era when the office property market is opening up to a world wide clientele, the New Towns must now find their own resources to ensure their attractiveness.
NAPPI-CHOULET, I. (2005). De l'attraction planifiée à la banalisation : le marché des bureaux en ville nouvelle. Les Annales de la Recherche Urbaine, pp. 59-65.